June 22, 2023

Volume XIII, Number 173


June 22, 2023

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New Canada Labour Code Regulatory Amendments: What Employers Need to Know

The Budget Implementation Act 2018, No. 2 (BIA 2018, No.2) made numerous changes to the Canada Labour Code (CLC) by. As a result of these changes, federally regulated employers will be required to reimburse employees for reasonable work-related expenses under the ‘Reimbursement of Work-Related Expenses” amendment. Additionally, employers will be required to provide employees with a written employment statement—containing information related to their employment, within a specific time frame. Both of these new amendments come into effect on July 9, 2023. Lastly, on December 15, 2023, federal employers will be required to make certain menstrual products available in certain circumstances.

Reimbursement of Work-Related Expenses

As a result of the changes to the law, subject to certain exceptions, employers will be obligated to reimburse employees for reasonable work-related expenses. In the absence of an agreement specifying an alternative time limit, employers will have 30 days from the date an employee submits a claim to compensate the employee. The changes require employers to evaluate the work relatedness of an expense and the reasonableness of an expense. Different rules may apply for unionized workplaces.

Written Employment Statement

The amended Canada Labour Code requires employers to provide employees with a written employment statement within 90 days of July 9, 2023. Additionally, employers must provide new employees with a written employment statement within the first 30 days of employment. Employers are required by the law to keep a copy of any employment statement for 36 months once an employee’s employment ends. Employers also must provide employees with a revised employment statement within 30 days of any changes to the information initially provided.

The employment statement must include the following information:

  1. the names of the parties to the employment relationship;

  2. the job title and a brief description of the duties and responsibilities;

  3. the place of work and address;

  4. the date employment begins;

  5. the term of employment;

  6. the probationary period, if any;

  7. a description of the necessary qualifications for the position;

  8. a description of any required training for the position;

  9. the hours of work for the employee—including how it is calculated and overtime rules;

  10. the rate of wages or salary—including overtime rates;

  11. the frequency of payments;

  12. any mandatory deductions from wages; and

  13. information on the reimbursement process for reasonable work-related expenses.

Many of the required pieces of information will likely overlap with the contents of offer letters and employment agreements. The law requires employers to ensure that the employment statement provided to employees includes the additional content imposed by this regulation—which may not generally be included in employment agreements, such as the reimbursement of work-related expenses.

Disclosure of Employee Rights and Obligations

In addition to a written employment statement, the law requires federally regulated employers to provide employees with information regarding the rights and obligations of employers and employees under Part III of the CLC. The law requires employers to provide employees with these materials within ninety days after the later of (i) July 9, 2023, and (ii) the day on which the Ministry of Labour makes the materials available.

The amendments require employers to provide new employees with a copy of these materials within 30 days of starting their employment. Employers must ensure that employees receive copies of the most recent materials made available by the ministry and ensure the materials are posted and accessible. Employers are required under the law to provide discharged employees with a copy of the most recent materials related to the termination of an employee on or before the employee’s last day on the job.

Any breach of these new obligations may result in penalties ranging from $200 to $2,000 depending on the size of the employer.

Menstrual Product Provision

On December 15, 2023, the Regulations Amending Certain Regulations Made Under the Canada Labour Code (Menstrual Products) will go into effect. As a result, federally regulated employers will be required to provide menstrual products, including clean and hygienic tampons and menstrual pads, in each toilet room. The law also requires employers to provide a covered container for the disposal of menstrual products in each toilet compartment. In workplaces where it may not be feasible to provide sanitary products in a toilet room, the employer must provide them in another location within the same workplace. The sanitary products must be accessible to employees at all times and must offer a reasonable amount of privacy.

© 2023, Ogletree, Deakins, Nash, Smoak & Stewart, P.C., All Rights Reserved.National Law Review, Volume XIII, Number 171

About this Author

Hugh Christie, Ogletree Deakins Law Firm, Labor and Employment Attorney
Managing Partner

Hugh Christie provides commercial and public sector clients with advice on all elements of employment law, from pre-hiring through recruitment, drafting agreements, benefit plans and policies, discipline, promotion, succession planning, termination and post-employment obligations. Hugh deals with employment issues arising out of restructuring of the workplace as a result of corporate transactions and trans-border employment issues.

Hugh is co-chair of the Advisory Board of a Centre for the study of Labour and Employment Law at the Faculty of Law, Queen’s University, the only such...

Stephen Shore, Ogletree Deakins, Toronto, applications for certification lawyer, collective bargaining attorney

Stephen Shore is a skilled advocate whose practice is focused on the representation of management in many areas of employment and labour law with particular emphasis on applications for certification, collective bargaining, grievance arbitration, Ontario Labour Relations Board proceedings, human rights, wrongful and constructive dismissal litigation and employment and labour issues in corporate restructuring and transactions.

Ryan Martin Labour & Employment Attorney Ogletree, Deakins, Nash, Smoak & Stewart Montréal, Canada

Ryan Martin is a Montreal-based lawyer called to the bar (Quebec) in 2016.

Ryan’s practice focuses exclusively on labour and employment law for both provincially and federally regulated employers. He counsels his clients with respect to dismissals, layoffs, health and safety in the workplace, work related accidents, employment standards, human rights and labour relations. Ryan also reviews and prepares non-competition, non-solicitation and confidentiality agreements.

Regarded by his clients for his practical and strategic advice, Ryan offers more than just legal advice by...